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The Mexican Revolution - Various Artists

CAT. #: 7041

Price: $40.00

CD 7041


Corridos about the Heroes and Events, 1910-1920 and Beyond!
4 CD set with 180 page book

The Mexican Revolution had a profound effect on every aspect of Mexican life and culture. This four CD set of historic corridos (ballads) provides a comprehensive overview of the events and key figures of the Mexican Revolution during this pivotal time in the Mexican Republic as sung by popular singers who recorded these renditions between 1904 and 1974 in both the United States and Mexico. Included is a 180 page book written by the compiler and editor, Guillermo E. Hernández with full transcriptions and translations of all of the songs. This is a meticulously researched tome of information regarding the history, politics, culture and musical expressions of revolutionary and post-revolutionary Mexico. Each CD is organized by the themes of these ballads, focusing on "Outlaws and Revolutionaries," "The Pancho Villa Cycle", "Local Revolutionary Figures," and "Post Revolutionary Corridos and Narratives.

A 4 CD set with 180 page book.

Disc 1: Outlaws & Revolutionaries

1.Ignacio Parra ‚ Los Alegres De Terán
2.Valentín Mancera ‚ Trío Los Aguilillas
3.Corrido De Macario Romero ‚ Abrego y Picazo
4.Potro Lobo Gateado ‚ Mariachi México Del Norte
5.Jesús Leal ‚ (A Cylinder Recording Made In 1904) Rafael Herrera Robinson
6.Jesús Leal ‚ (I & II) Pedro Rocha y Lupe Martínez
7.Heraclio Bernal ‚ Trío Nava
8.Benito Canales ‚ (I & II) Hernández y Sifuentes
9.Nuevo Corrido De Madero ‚ M. Camacho y Regino Pérez
10.El Cuartelazo ‚ (I & II) Hermanos Chavarría
11.El Cuartelazo ‚ Hermanas Mendoza
12.Benjamín Argumedo ‚ (I & II) Hernández y Sifuentes
13.Fusiliamento De Benjamín Argumedo ‚ (I & II) Andrés Berlanga y Francisco Montalvo
14.Fusiliamento De Felipe Ángeles ‚ (I & II) San Román y Vera

Disc 2: The Francisco Villa Cycle
1.Corrido De Durango ‚ Los Dorados De Durango
2.Gral Francisco Villa ‚ Los Cuatezones
3.La Toma De Torreón ‚ Los Alegres De Terán
4.Toma De Guadalajara ‚ Las Jilguerillas
5.La Toma De Zacatecas ‚ Los Errantes
6.La Toma De Celaya ‚ Conjunto Matamoros
7.Pancho Villa ‚ Hermanos Chavarría
8.La Punitiva ‚ (I & II) Hernández y Sifuentes
9.La Toma De Celaya ‚ (I & II) Hermanos Bañuelos
10.Derrota De Villa En Celaya ‚ (I & II) Pedro Rocha y José Angel Colunga
11.Rendición De Pancho Villa ‚ (I & II) Pedro Rocha y Lupe Martínez
12.Corrido Historia y Muerte Del Gral. Francisco Villa ‚ (I & II) More, Rubí, y Vivo
13.Adelita ‚ Trío González
14.Valentina ‚ Lydia Mendoza & Family

Disc 3: Local Revolutionary Figures
1.Corrido De Juan Vázquez ‚ Juanita y María Mendoza
2.Corrido De Juan Carrasco ‚ Luis Pérez Meza
3.Corrido De Palomón ‚ Los Montañeses Del Alamo
4.Corrido De Juan Villareal ‚ Hermanos Garza
5.La Toma De Matamoros ‚ (I & II) Agustín Lara y A. Novelo
6.Corrido De Almazán ‚ Méndez y González
7.Amador Maldonado ‚ Conjunto Tamaulipas
8.Corrido De Margarito ‚ Dueto América
9.Refugio Solano ‚ Dueto Sandoval
10.Julián Del Real ‚ Hermanos Ayala
11.Corrido De Inez Chávez García ‚ (I & II) Hermanos Bañuelos
12.Quirino Navarro ‚ Trío Los Aguilillas
13.Tragedia De Maximiliano Vigueras ‚ Emilio Medellín y Lupe Posada
14.Corrido De Cedillo ‚ Los Morenos
15.Corrido De Yurécuaro y Tanhuato ‚ (I & II) Hermanos Bañuelos
16.Marijuana La Soldadera ‚ (I & II) Hermanos Bañuelos

Disc 4: Post Revolutionary Corridos & Narratives
1.Revolución De Adolfo De La Huerta ‚ Alcides Briceño y Jorge Añez
2.La Pura Pelada ‚ Trío Luna
3.El Arreglo Religioso ‚ (I & II) Dúo Coahuila
4.La Nueva Revolución ‚ (I & II) San Román y Vera
5.Ortiz Rubio ‚ (I & II) La Bella Netty y Jesús Rodríguez
6.El Corrido Del Agrarista ‚ (I & II) Trovadores Tamaulipecos
7.General Obregón ‚ Trío Luna
8.El Radiograma ‚ (I & II) Guzmán y Rosales
9.Corrido De Toral ‚ (I & II) Trovadores Tapatíos
10.General Emiliano Zapata ‚ Trío Luna
11.Corrido Del General Cárdenas ‚ (I & II) Del Valle y Rivas
12.El Corrido Del Petróleo ‚ Ray y Laurita
13.La Rielera ‚ Lydia Mendoza & Family
14.Gral Porfirio Díaz ‚ Dueto Acosta
15.Tiempos Amargos ‚ Dueto América


“Recently, North American journalists have reported the widespread popularity of so-called narco-corridosMexican ballads celebrating the exploits of drug traffickerswith a mixture of amusement, amazement and dismay. Perhaps these journalists, and the public they write for, would be less perplexed if they were to become familiar with this extraodinary 4 CD collection of classic corridos from the period of the Revolution and its extensive accompanying booklet. Prof. Guillermo Hernández's (Director of UCLA's Chicano Research Center) chronological and thematic organization of the material, as well as his concise introductory essays, make clear the historical development of the genre. Since the final quarter of the 19th century, the corrido has served as a public vehicle for the validation of group values and the construction of identities among the great masses of Mexicans whose culture has been frequently negated by elite groups laying claim to cultural authority in addition to a monopoly on political and economic power.

Disc 1 Outlaws and Revolutionaries traces the rise of corridos celebrating the deeds, and all too often, the violent deaths of so-called "social bandits"rural outlaws driven to "crime" by oppression and who enjoy the sympathy and protection of the population at large (not unlike the heroes of our present-day narco-corridos)and their evolution into the full-blown epic, heroic corridos of the Mexican Revolution after 1910. This section includes two extremely rare pre-1910 recordings made by artists with roots in the popular tent shows of pre-revolutionary Mexico, as well as classic renditions demonstrating a variety of post-revolutionary performance styles.

Disc II presents a comprehensive selection of ballads centering on the figure of Francisco ("Pancho") Villa, perhaps the most widely celebrated corrido hero of all. Dr. Américo Paredes has remarked that there are essentially three Villas in the corrido tradition: legendary social bandit, historical revolutionary military leader, and mythic hero who eternally defies the cultural antagonists (the Mexican elite and their foreign allies, especially the North American Colossus). All three are aptly represented here, including the seminal recording of the famous corrido celebrating Villa's outwitting of General John "Black Jack" Pershing in 1916 and the topical "Corrido historia y muerte del Gral. Francisco Villa" recorded only two months after the legendary caudillo's assasination in 1923.

Disc III Local Revolutionary Figures features an eclectic gamut of ballads centering on events and personages of both regional and national significance, some well-known to historians of the Revolution, others anonymous outside of their own localities, or perhaps, in a few cases, even entirely fictitious.

Disc IV Post-Revolutionary Corridos and Narratives concludes the set with ballads, satirical lyrics and propagandistic songs spanning the years from the Cristero uprising of the late 1920s to the consolidation of revolutionary change represented by President Lázaro Cárdenas's expropriation of foreign holdings and nationalization of the petroleum industry in 1938.

Throughout all of the discsrecorded in both the U.S. and Mexico between c. 1904 and c. 1974, there is a wonderful diversity of performance styles that spans the full range from the lone guitarrero strumming his own accompaniment to duetos and tríos backed by everything from conjuntos norteños to full mariachis, and even one selection with the currently popular sound of the banda sinaloense. The collection is further enriched by a cogent and concise history of the commercial recording of the corrido from its beginnings to the present by award-winning discographer and producer of this set, Chris Strachwitz.

This truly remarkable compendium of corridos is absolutely unique in its scope, historical representivity and authenticity, and the scholarly care and accuracy with which it has been compiled. Scholars and aficionados may disagree about many aspects of the corrido, ranging from the legitimacy of the contemporary narco-corrido to the precise circumstances of the genre's origins. Nonetheless, all recognize that it was in the contexts of the great national convulsion of the Mexican Revolution, and in the often traumatic collision between cultures that continues to occur in the vast and constantly expanding Border zone that both bridges and divides Anglo-American and Hispanic-American civilizations that the corrido truly achieved its mature form as an expression of national identity. This collection dwarfs all previous attempts to document the corridos of the Revolution, and is a more than fitting companion to Folklyric/Arhoolie's fine CDs 7019-20 (Corridos y Tragedias de la Frontera) which have made such an important contribution to our understanding of the early corriidos of Border conflict. I, for one, plan to assign both CD sets with their accompanying 180 page booklets as required materials for my courses on the corrido.”

Prof. James Nicolopulos
Dept. of Spanish & Portuguese
Univ. of Texas at Austin